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What is Foraminal Stenosis?

Foraminal stenosis refers to an abnormal reduction in the size of nerve channels associated with your spinal bones.

Foraminal stenosis, also known as foraminal narrowing, is an abnormal reduction in the size of nerve channels associated with certain spinal bones called foramina (or foramen, in the singular). It is one form of a larger disorder known as spinal stenosis.

Symptoms of Foraminal Stenosis

Foraminal stenosis may produces symptoms of a nerve-damaging condition called radiculopathy. Additional symptoms may include:

    Common symptoms of Foraminal Stenosis include:
  • In the lumbar spine: pain, numbness, tingling, burning, and weakness in the lower back, buttocks, legs, and feet. If impingement affects one of the roots of your sciatic nerve, you can develop sciatica
  • In the cervical spine: pain, numbness, tingling, burning, and weakness in the neck, arms, hands, and sometimes in the head
  • In the thoracic spine (less common): pain, tingling, or numbness in the upper or mid back, radiating through the stomach or chest, which patients often confuse for cardiovascular problems

Prior to having a surgical procedure to treat your foraminal stenosis, conservative measures such as physical therapy, chiropractic, and steroid injections should be attempted. If these measures do not meaningfully relieve your pain, a North American Spine procedure may be the best option for long-term relief.

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Causes of Foraminal Stenosis

In addition to aging, foraminal stenosis may develop as a consequence of one or more of a few other problems:

    Additional common Foraminal Stenosis causes include:
  • Age-related wear and tear, which can lead to Degenerative Disc Disease
  • Scoliosis. A genetic condition causing curvature in the spine, scoliosis can also lead to the development of foraminal stenosis.
  • Back or neck strain due to repetitive physical activity, poor posture, imbalances in the musculature, or heavy lifting
  • Direct physical injury such as a car accident or fall
  • Genetics, whether or not the symptoms appeared in your parents
  • Arthritis, which can lead to joint deterioration
  • Herniated discs in the spinal column.

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Marsha J.

Condition: Bulging Disc

Procedure: IntelliSpineSM (Lumbar)

Hometown: Tyler, TX

“The procedure was 100% successful.”

“I was blown away by the results. A 180 degree change. Pain was gone and only mild ache on day of surgery. No longer required pain medications and able to sit without pain for the first time in 4 months. I am thrilled and believe the procedure was 100% successful to accomplish what was expected.”

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Some of our former patients have been kind enough to offer to speak with back and neck pain sufferers who are looking into treatment options. We encourage you to take them up on it! After we determine a treatment plan, we’ll connect you with a past patient who had a similar condition and procedure.

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