What is Degenerative Spine DiseaseDegenerative spine disease is a general term for a spine that progressively declines in health and develops changes in its anatomical structures that lead to an inability to function normally. Several relatively common conditions can trigger loss of spine health and/or contribute to ongoing spinal degeneration.
Spine Anatomy and Function
Your spine acts as the central scaffolding for your skeleton, and also forms the protective channel that surrounds your delicate spinal cord. Each of its individual bones (vertebrae) is linked to its neighboring bones at two main points: the cushioning spinal discs, which sit between the main bodies of each pair of vertebrae, and joints called facet joints, which sit on the segment of each bone behind the spinal canal. Your spinal discs, also called intervertebral discs, keep the main bodies of your vertebrae from rubbing together, help keep your spine flexible and protect your spinal column from various forms of physical shock and stress. Your facet joints promote normal back and neck mobility by allowing you to bend or twist your spinal column.