A bulging disc is a common condition where one of your intervertebral discs, which cushion the bones in your spine, has weakened and lost its shape. The bulging disc can press against a spinal nerve, causing chronic pain and other symptoms.
Bulging Disc BasicsThe bones in your spine are called vertebrae, and the soft cushion in between the vertebrae is called an intervertebral disc. The disc is made of a soft center surrounded by a tough outer shell. As we get older or strain the disc, through improper posture or injury, the disc’s shell may weaken and lose its shape, causing the disc to bulge into the spinal canal. The result is a bulging disc. The bulge can create pressure on spinal nerves, leading to symptoms including pain, numbness, burning, tingling and weakness – or it may have no symptoms at all.
A bulging disc is often the originating cause of many other diagnosed spinal conditions including sciatica, spinal stenosis, spinal narrowing and canal stenosis. All of these conditions have a common characteristic: the space inside the spinal canal has become too small, which puts pressure on the nerves in that region.
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